the environment in the gut should have a certain balance in order to work properly. especially the stomach; it needs to be acidic with low pH value. The small intestines in the neutral to the alkaline range with higher pH value. both need to have a few bacteria as possible. and only the types of bacteria that should be there.
Stomach acidity importance.
The low value of acid in the stomach causes indigestion. And also allows some bacteria to slip into the intestinal tract. The acids help in breaking down proteins which helps in preventing food allergies associated with incomplete digestion of protein. Acids in the stomach play an essential role in the absorption of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and iron, in addition to the absorption of vitamin B12.
Low acid is associated with an increase in osteoporosis and poor absorption of vitamin D.
why the stomach may not produce enough acid
- medications that can affect acid production
Acid-blocking medications are the most common cause of low acid production in the stomach
Digestion changes with aging because cells that produce the acids die off and sometimes are not replaced. When this happens stomach acids are the culprit. Because they allow bacterias called Helicobacter pylori, which causes ulcers and reflux.
- autoimmune conditions
Also called Pernicious anemia, it affects the cells in the stomach that produce acid. found in those who have type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune thyroid has low vitamin B12 levels.
- some types of diets
diets that are based on low minerals and vitamins lead to low levels of stomach acids.
A kind of vitamin B that is very important to keep the acidity of the stomach. Zinc helps in lining the inside of the stomach to protect it.
Unlike the Stomach, the Colon and the large intestines need to be alkaline with a lot of bacteria
The Gut bacteria
There are 100 trillion bacteria, viruses, and yeast cells in your Colon. 500 to 1000 different species are called gut flora or microbiome. your body should have a good relation with gut flora.
bacteria get fed on a regular basis and need important things like making nutrients for cells lining the gut, formulated vitamins and processing trace elements help in breaking down fibers and leftover food particles. Bacteria produce sulfur which is the anti-inflammation element your body needs.
you need to balance your gut flora because when it gets off track it affects the whole body, not only the guts. things that increase gut flora and exceeds the safe limit are stress, illness, aging, antibiotics, and alcohol.